If youre like most Tennis Warehouse customers, you already have an idea of the type of racquet youre seeking. You want to upgrade from your current racquet - maybe youre seeking more power, more control, more comfort... or a little of all three. Whatever your reason(s) for purchasing a new racquet, you have some basis on which to make your decision.
Then again, you may not have a clue as to which racquet is best for you and are simply motivated by a review you read. Add to the confusion the shear amount of racquets available and choosing the right racquet becomes pretty daunting! To make this process a little easier, heres a primer on racquet characteristics and how they affect performance. We also suggest you read our racquet reviews where youll find detailed information from real tennis players on how a specific racquet performs on-court. Our Racquet Technologies section includes explanations and illustrations of racquet technologies and materials, such as nCode, Hot Melt, Liquidmetal, and F.I.R.E., to name a few. Finally, our General Racquet & String Terms provide definitions of terms that are used throughout our website to describe racquet and string performance.
Today, there are 3 major racquet categories, with several subcategories. They are:
This is the term used by racquet manufacturers for power-oriented racquets. In most cases, these racquet models feature oversize to super-oversize heads (107-135 square inches), are lightweight (8-9.5 ounces), longer (27-29 inches) stiffer and are balanced head-heavy (or evenly balanced) to retain enough weight in the hitting zone. Designed for players with shorter, slower swings and who want more power from the racquet. Here are some of the top game improvement racquets:
Asics 125 Racquets
Offering major comfort and impressive power, this super oversize racquet delivers a great combination of speed and stability. Headsize: 125 in². Length: 27.5 in. Strung weight: 9.6 oz.
ProKennex Ionic Ki 30
The most powerful Ki racquet, the Ki 30 is a good fit for beginners to intermediate players who also seek comfort and maneuverability. Headsize: 117 in². Length: 27.5". Strung weight: 9.6 oz.
Volkl Super G 1
Volkl serves up the perfect tool for the player who wants power and comfort. This update to the Organix 1 comes with Super G technology for an even smoother and more powerful ride. Headsize: 115in². Extended Length: 27.8" String Pattern: 16x17.
Wilson K Factor KZero
Sale: $99.00 Was: $119.00
Sale A great choice for beginners seeking a game improvement racquet. The KZero is the lightest racquet in the K Factor line. Impressive power and control. Super oversize head: 118 in². Length: 27.5 inches.
There are several models that offer a blend of features from game improvement and players racquets. They are often light-er (9.5-11 ounces), balanced anywhere from slightly head-light to slightly head-heavy, have midplus (95-102 square inches) heads and are usually extended length (27.5-28 inches). These racquet models offer low-medium to medium-high power and are most appealing to intermediate-advanced players, seeking enhanced maneuverability. Here are some of the top tweener racquets:
Babolat AeroPro Drive
Sale Endorsed by Rafael Nadal, the AeroPro Drive offers a truly exceptional blend of maneuverability, stability and all- around playability. Strung weight: 11.3 oz.. Headsize: 100 in².
Babolat Pure Drive
Best Seller An iconic racquet with a massive following. The Pure Drive delivers the kind of maneuverability, power, accuracy and spin that appeals to everyone from strong beginners to the professional ranks. Headsize: 100 in². String Pattern: 16x19. Standard Length.
Dunlop iDapt Force 100
Sale: $149.99 Was: $199.00
Sale Lively and precise, the Force 100 is the perfect tool for the aggressive ball striker who likes to take control of the point. Headsize:100 in². String Pattern: 16x19. Length: Standard or 27.5"
Head Graphene XT Instinct MP
Buy 2 or more for $179.95 each.
Endorsed by Maria Sharapova! Head updates its graphene formula to deliver a light and explosive player's racquet with a crisp and spin friendly response. Headsize: 100in². String Pattern: 16x19. Standard Length.
Wilson Juice 100S
The Juice 100S is a dangerous weapon in the hands of any player who likes hitting powerful, spin loaded balls. Depth comes easy with this one. String Pattern: 16x15. Headsize: 100 in². Strung Weight: 11.2oz.
Denotes racquets that would be used by professional and high-level club and college team players. These models are typically heavier in weight (11.5-13+ ounces), have smaller heads (85-98), thinner, more flexible beams and are balanced head light to retain maneuverability. The result is a low-power racquet, designed for players who provide their own power and prefer a racquet that offers more control. Can be standard or extended length. Here are some of top player's racquets:
Prince Textreme Tour 95
Buy 2 or more for $189.00 each.
Sale This player's racquet is speedy, stable and surgical. Offers exceptional feel. Great for intermediate and advanced players. Headsize: 95in². Strung weight: 11.8 oz. Standard Length.
Tecnifibre TFight 325 Dynacore Racquet
Sale This maneuverable player's racquet provides an impressive level of control and feel. A great option for intermediate and advanced players who want the undeniable stability of a 12 ounce racquet in a speedy package. Headsize: 95in². String Pattern: 18x19. Standard Length.
Wilson Pro Staff RF97 Autograph
Best Seller This very special Pro Staff was designed with the help of Roger Federer. It is solid as a rock and offers an amazing combination of feel, plow-through and precision. Headsize: 97 inē. String Pattern: 16x19. Strung Weight: 12.6 oz. Standard Length.
Yonex VCORE Tour G 330 (Wawrinka)
Sale: $99.00 Was: $199.00
Sale The racquet of choice by Grand Slam champion Stanislas Wawrinka! This one is solid as a rock and delivers exceptional control. There's also plenty of pop and spin available to those who can swing it. Headsize: 97 in². Strung Weight: 12.2 oz. Standard Length.
Power is directly related to head size - a larger head will provide more power than a smaller head, all other things being equal. A larger head also offers a larger hitting area and sweetspot, providing more forgiveness on off-center hits. Todays racquets are offered in head sizes ranging from 85 to 135 square inches, with the most common being 95-110. These head sizes offer a compromise between power and control for many players. Generally speaking, a smaller racquet head appeals to more accomplished players seeking more control, while larger racquets appeal to beginning and intermediate players seeking more power and a larger sweetspot.
Racquets are available in lengths ranging from 27-29 inches, the legal limit for tournament play. Standard racquets are 27 inches long. A longer racquet provides more reach on groundstrokes, added leverage on serves and slightly more power overall than standard length racquets, all other things being equal. For most players, switching from a standard length racquet to one that is 1/2 -1 inch longer doesnt normally present much of a problem. Most (but not all) longer racquets are lighter than their standard-length counterparts to keep them maneuverable. As racquet length increases, so does dynamic swingweight. Simply lengthening a 27 inch racquet without reducing weight would result in a very unwieldy club.
These two characteristics most influence how a racquet feels when you pick it up and when you swing it on the tennis court. Some basic concepts - a heavy racquet is more powerful, more stable and transmits less shock than a lighter racquet (all other things being equal). A lighter racquet is more maneuverable and thus, a player is able to swing it faster. If this is true, wont a lighter racquet that is swung fast generate the same power as a heavier racquet thats swung more slowly? This question has been hotly debated ever since Wilson introduced their Hammer racquets back in 1990. Until then, racquet weights averaged 12-13 ounces and were balanced head light (or handle heavy). Wilsons Hammer technology reduced overall racquet weight (10-11 ounces) but distributed more mass in the head, resulting in a head-heavy balance. The idea was to improve maneuverability without sacrificing power by keeping weight in the racquets hitting zone. Since then, racquet weights have steadily dropped and now we have sub-10 ounce offerings from most manufacturers. Is lighter better? Not necessarily. Well then, which racquet weight is best for you? What about racquet balance? Is head-light, head-heavy or even balance best? In order to answer this question, you need a point of reference. How heavy is your current racquet? Is it head light or head-heavy? How much? If you dont know, you can e-mail us at email@example.com and well send you the manufacturers specifications, if available.
Next, do you want a lighter, heavier or similarly weighted racquet? Head-light, head-heavy or evenly balanced? Chances are you dont know what you want until you play with a racquet. If this isnt feasible, here are some guidelines on the advantages and disadvantages of different weights and balances.
Heavier, head-light racquets- preferred by most professional players, these racquets are often referred to as being traditionally weighted and balanced racquets. They typically weigh 11-13 ounces and are balanced 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches head light in order to retain maneuverability. In most cases, these racquets are also referred to as players racquets because they are generally more control-oriented and designed for players who provide their own power.
Lightweight, head-heavy racquets - several years ago, Wilson discovered it was possible to make a racquet more maneuverable without reducing weight in the head. By removing weight in the handle, the racquet was lighter overall, while still retaining mass in the upper hoop, where ball contact occurs. This was the concept behind their Hammer and Sledge Hammer designs. Several other racquet manufacturers have subsequently introduced lightweight, head-heavy (and evenly balanced) racquets. The advantages of this racquet type are increased maneuverability without sacrificing power, especially on groundstrokes. The disadvantages are less clear - some experts argue that reducing weight increases the amount of shock transferred to the wrist, elbow and shoulder. Some players who have switched from traditionally weighted and balanced racquets to lightweight, head-heavy models claim the racquets dont feel solid. Clearly, you cant get something for nothing. Reducing racquet weight will alter its feel - for better or for worse. Keep in mind, you can always add weight to a racquet if its too light. Reducing racquet weight, however, is almost impossible.
The amount a frame deflects during ball contact directly affects its power potential. A stiffer racquet bends less, thus depleting less energy from the ball. A flexible racquet bends more, resulting in more energy loss. A common myth among players is that a flexible racquet, that bends back more, returns more power to the ball due to a catapult-effect. The ball remains on the strings for 3-5 milliseconds, much shorter than it takes a frame to recover. Consequently, a racquet frame doesnt return energy to the ball, it absorbs energy - either more or less, depending on stiffness. Stiffer racquets dont deflect as much on impact, resulting in less power drain than a flexible racquet.
Frame stiffness doesnt only affect power though. Control and comfort are also at stake. Generally speaking, a racquet that offers more power provides less control. However, this is largely dependent on player type and ability. An advanced player may prefer a flexible racquet because he or she has a long, fast swing and provides plenty of power. A stiff racquet might be too powerful for this player, resulting in too many balls landing long. A beginning or intermediate player though, may find a stiffer racquet that doesnt deflect as much on impact, provides better control. This may also apply to a more advanced player with short, compact strokes. To a certain point, stiffer racquets are generally less comfortable than more flexible racquets. A very stiff frame will transmit more impact shock to the wrist, elbow and shoulder than a medium stiff frame. Comfort is difficult to measure - each player has a different perception of what feels comfortable. However, players with arm and/or shoulder problems will generally benefit more from a flexible to medium-stiff frame and should likely avoid stiff or very stiff frames. A lesser known effect of frame stiffness is the amount of spin that can be generated. Generally speaking, stiffer racquets provide less spin than flexible racquets because the ball leaves the stringbed more quickly.
Often overlooked by many recreational players, string pattern density influences many aspects of a racquets overall performance and feel. When we discuss string pattern density, we refer to open and dense (or closed).
An open string pattern will deflect more on impact than a denser pattern, providing greater ball rebound. Strung at the same tension (in similar racquets) an open string pattern wont feel as tight as a dense string pattern. Open string patterns also allow for more spin potential, as the ball can embed itself into the strings more, due to their wider spacing. Players seeking more spin will benefit from a more open string pattern. The price one may pay for this, though, is reduced string durability. Open string patterns allow the strings to move more freely, increasing abrasion which causes string breakage.
A denser string pattern wont deflect as much upon ball impact, resulting in less rebound energy. More closely spaced strings will also offer less spin potential but will last longer than a similar racquet featuring a more open string pattern. Players who dont hit with much spin and are seeking enhanced control will generally prefer racquets with denser string patterns, as will hard-hitting topspin players seeking increased string durability.
As racquets become lighter and lighter, manufacturers are seeking ways to improve comfort without significantly increasing weight. Incorporating a shock and vibration dampening system in the handle is the most common method currently being used. Dunlops ISIS, Heads No SHOX, Princes Air and Volkl'ss Sensor handle systems offer varying degrees of effectiveness in reducing frame shock and vibration. Wilson and Yonex also offer comfort systems located in the racquet shaft such as Iso-Zorb and V-Con technologies.